Speaker biographies & Abstracts

Biographies of the speakers participating in Building Bridges 2022 plenary conference and the abstracts for their corresponding sessions will be posted in this section as they become available. Delegates are encouraged to return to this section during the weeks prior to the conference.

BB2022

Professor Philippe Aghion

AFFILIATION:
College de France, INSEAD, and London School of Economics

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Aghion_Philippe
CV: https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/aghion/files/cv_aug2021.pdf
Publications: https://scholar.harvard.edu/aghion/publications

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
The promise of the creative destruction paradigm

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The presentation will show how the Schumpeterian paradigm can help: (i) elucidate enigmas in economic history such as the growth take-off in the 19th century, the decline in productivity growth since the 2000s, the middle income trap, and the rise in inequality; (ii) question policy ideas such as taxing robots to prevent mass unemployment, or protectionism in response to the China import shock, or negative growth to fight global warming; (iii) rethink the future of capitalism to make it both innovative and inclusive.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Philippe Aghion is a Professor at the College de France, at INSEAD and at the London School of Economics, and a fellow of the Econometric Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His research focuses on the economics of growth. With Peter Howitt, he pioneered the so-called Schumpeterian Growth paradigm which was subsequently used to analyze the design of growth policies and the role of the state in the growth process. Much of this work is summarized in their joint book Endogenous Growth Theory (MIT Press, 1998) and The Economics of Growth (MIT Press, 2009), in his book with Rachel Griffith on Competition and Growth (MIT Press, 2006), and in his survey “What Do We Learn from Schumpeterian Growth Theory” (joint with U. Akcigit and P. Howitt. In 2001, Philippe Aghion received the Yrjo Jahnsson Award of the best European economist under age 45, in 2009 he received the John Von Neumann Award, and in March 2020 he shared the BBVA “Frontier of Knowledge Award” with Peter Howitt for “developing an economic growth theory based on the innovation that emerges from the process of creative destruction”.

Professor Sir Shankar Balasubramanian

AFFILIATION:
University of Cambridge

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.balasubramanian.co.uk

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Fast track DNA sequencing for vaccine development and cancer therapy

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Sir Shankar Balasubramanian is the Herchel Smith Professor of Medicinal Chemistry at the University of Cambridge and senior group leader at the Cambridge Institute. He works on the chemistry, structure and function of nucleic acids. He is a co-inventor of the leading next generation DNA sequencing methodology, Solexa sequencing (now Illumina) that has made routine, accurate, low-cost sequencing of human genomes a reality and has revolutionised biology. He has invented chemistry to decode several modified (epigenetic) DNA bases and DNA secondary structures (G-quadruplexes) in the genome and has made seminal contributions towards the understanding of their dynamics and function. His work on small molecule recognition of nucleic acids has revealed molecular mechanisms that can be exploited to modulate the biology of cancer. His collective contributions span fundamental chemistry and its application to the biological and medical sciences. Sir Shankar was knighted in the Queen’s New Year’s Honours in 2017 for his services to science and medicine and awarded the Royal Society’s Royal Medal in 2018. In 2021, he was awarded the 2020 Millennium Technology Prize jointly with David Klenerman and the 2022 Breakthrough Prize for Life Sciences jointly with David Klenerman and Pascal Mayer for their work on sequencing technologies.

Professor Dr. Sierd Cloetingh

AFFILIATION:
Utrecht University, Department of Earth Sciences

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Cloetingh_Sierd
https://www.uu.nl/staff/SAPLCloetingh

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Bottom-up probing System Earth: a journey in deep time and space

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Integrated studies of the full Earth system across space and timescales are rapidly advancing, such as exemplified by the recent conception of the International Union of Geosciences’ (IUGS) first big science program on Deep-time Digital Earth (Oberhaensli, 2020, J.Geol.Soc.India). Probably one of the important developments in Solid-Earth science over the past decade has been the recognition of the importance of linking deep Earth dynamic processes with surface and near-surface geologic processes (e.g., Cloetingh et al. 2007, GPC; Cloetingh et al., 2013, Gondwana Res.; Cloetingh et al., 2020, Encycl Solid Earth Geoph.). Deep Earth research, encompassing fields such as seismology and mantle geodynamics, has traditionally operated distinctly from fields focusing on dynamics near the Earth’s surface, such as sedimentary geology, geomorphology, and climate/paleoclimate. However, as realized by the International Lithosphere Program (ILP), these endeavours have in common the study of Earth’s topography and the prediction of its origin and rates of change. Observations from surface studies, such as basin stratigraphy, geomorphology of landscapes, changes in surface elevation, and changes in sea level (Cloetingh and Haq, 2015, Science), provide some of the principal constraints on geodynamic and tectonic models. Conversely, deep geodynamic processes give rise to topography, thereby modifying regional climate, erosion, and sediment generation that are the basis of surface geology. The lithosphere, due to its stratified rheological structure, acts as a non-linear “filter” for deeper sources, attenuating long deformation wavelength and creating new, shorter wavelength deformation; giving a surface response more complex than that of the mantle source (Cloetingh et al., 2021, GCubed; Koptev et al., 2021, GJI).
It is the surface manifestations of these deep geodynamic processes modified by mantle-lithosphere interactions that have significant societal impact by (1) creating natural hazards, such as earthquakes and mass movements, and (2) controlling the distribution of natural resources including fossil fuels and geothermal energy (Cloetingh et al., 2010, ESR; Limberger et al., 2018, Renew & Sust Energy Rev). The relevance of research conducted in both the deep Earth and surface regimes is thus strongly enhanced through a focus on their interaction. Research on enhanced geothermal systems has developed as a vigorous focus for networking European Earth science research institutions and provides a fine example of connecting basic research in coupled deep Earth and surface processes with societal relevance in the present era of energy transition to a more sustainable world.
TOPO-EUROPE integrates European research facilities (e.g. the European Plate Observing System EPOS) and know-how essential to advance the understanding of the role of topography in Earth System Dynamics. The principal objective of the network, initiated within the Earth and Cosmic Science section of Academia Europaea, is twofold. Namely, to integrate national research programs into a common European network and, furthermore, to integrate activities among TOPO-EUROPE institutes and participants. Key objectives are to provide an interdisciplinary forum to share knowledge and information in the field of the neo-tectonic and topographic evolution of Europe, to promote and encourage multidisciplinary research on a truly European scale, to increase mobility of scientists and to train young scientists.
The overview presented here demonstrates the opportunities for a further understanding of the full Earth system across space and timescales.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Sierd Cloetingh is Utrecht University Distinguished Professor. His research field is Earth Sciences. He published 383 papers in international peer-reviewed journals (Scopus: 17,945 citations, h-index 74) and has been promotor of close to 80 PhD students of 18 different nationalities.
Currently he serves as Chair Regional Coordinating Committee Europe of the International Lithosphere Program. Past functions include President of the Academia Europaea, Member and Chair of the Board of SAPEA (Scientific Advice for Policy by European Academies), President of the Association for European Cooperation in Science & Technology (COST), Membership of the Scientific Council (2009-2015) and Vice-President of the European Research Council (ERC), President of the European Geophysical Society (1998-2000), President of the International Lithosphere Program (ILP, 2004-2017), Distinguished Professor of the Royal Netherlands Academy for Arts and Sciences (KNAW, 2006-2015), Editor-in-Chief of the international journal “Global and Planetary Change” and Chairman of the TOPO-EUROPE collaborative research program.
Sierd Cloetingh received honorary doctorates from five European universities and numerous medals and awards. He is member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, the Royal Norwegian Academy, the Royal Danish Academy, the German National Academy for Technical Sciences (acatech), the Heidelberg Academy, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He was distinguished in 2005 as Chevalier de Legion d’Honneur and in 2014 as Knight of the Royal Order of the Netherlands Lion for his contributions to science and European scientific cooperation in research and education.

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Professor Dr. Donald B. Dingwell OC ONL

AFFILIATION:
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
https://www.mineralogie.geowissenschaften.uni-muenchen.de/personen/head/index.html

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Donald B. Dingwell is Chair in Mineralogy and Petrology and a founding member of the Center for Advanced Studies of the Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich. He is also Gutenberg Research Scholar at University of Mainz and distinguished visiting Professor at Xiamen University, China.
He has published ca. 500 papers on geomaterials, magmas and volcanism. His approach is fundamentally experimental and materials-based. His current research spans the structure and dynamics of silicate melts, the mechanistic interpretation of volcano monitoring and magma kinematics and the quantification of the role of volcanism in the Earth System.
He has received numerous scientific awards, medals and fellowships – most notably the Bunsen (EGU), Day (GSA), Hess (AGU), Holmes (EGU), Peacock (MAC), Werner (DMG) and Miller (RSC) Medals. He holds honorary degrees from UCL, Alberta and UNAM, is a member of the Royal Society of Canada, Academia Europaea, acatech, the Leopoldina, the Royal Society (London), the Order of Merit of Germany, an Officer of the Order of Canada, and a member of the Order of Newfoundland and Labrador. He has been President of the European Geoscience Union (EGU) and the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth´s Interior (IAVCEI), vice-President of the Academia Europaea and was the 3rd and last Secretary-General of the European Research Council.

Professor em. Kirsten Drotner

AFFILIATION:
University of Southern Denmark

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://portal.findresearcher.sdu.dk/en/persons/drotner

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Frontiers of science: which frontiers? Which science?

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The key claim of the presentation is this: frontiers of science is a research policy concept, not a science-intrinsic concept. The claim is underpinned by a brief analysis of recent national and transnational funding schemes and reports. In view of this analysis, I explore dilemmas resulting from the prevalence of the concept for radical research innovation, and I present some possible alternatives.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Kirsten Drotner is a distinguished scholar of media and communication studies with special research interests in children’s and young people’s interactions with media at present and in the past, in the formation of creative, digital media literacies, and in users’ engagements with cultural institutions. She is author, co-author or co–editor of nine books in English, 31 books and reports in Nordic languages, and more than 150 scholarly articles and book chapters. 

Her extensive public service includes being a trustee of the Academy Europaea’s council, founding chair of the Academy’s Film, Media and Visual Studies Section and a member of its HERCulES group, as well as being founding chair of the Scientific Committee for the Humanities at Science Europe. Closer to home, she has served as board member of the Danish Council for Independent Research and chair of the Danish Council for Independent Research – Arts and Humanities.

She has offered advice and assessment to public and private bodies inc. NWO’s Gravitation programme committees, FWO’s Odysseus programme committees, ESOF scientific committees, HERA’s Joint Research Programme Board, the Spinoza and the Ernst Solvay Price Committees, and she served as international quality assessor in two rounds of the UK Research Excellence Framework.

Nisha Gaind

AFFILIATION:
Nature magazine

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.nature.com/

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Nisha Gaind is European Bureau Chief at Nature, which covers science, research policy and the global scientific community. She has a master’s degree in astrophysics and physical chemistry.

Professor Dr. Ricard Guerrero

AFFILIATION:
Director of the AE-Barcelona Knowledge Hub

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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
CV Ricard Guerrero
BSc in Biology (UB 1965). PhD in Microbiology (UB 1970). Post-doc at the University of California-Davis (1972-1973). Full Professor of Microbiology at the UAB, and director of the Department of Microbiology and later of the Department of Genetics and Microbiology (1975-1988). Full Professor of Microbiology at the UB (1988-2013), Emeritus (2013-present). Adjunct Professor at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst (2001-2019). Dr. HC of the Universidad de Veracruz, Mexico (2019). Fellow of following Academies: the Linnean Society (2002), the American Academy of Microbiology (AAM, 2008), the Academia Europaea (2012) and the Institute for Catalan Studies (1993-present; Scientific Secretary, 2005-2014). Medal Narcís Monturiol to the scientific merit of the Government of Catalonia (2000). Prize of the Foundation F. González Bernáldez (2010). International Prize of the AAM (2015). Vice-President and founder of the Spanish Society for Biotechnology (1988-1996). President of the Spanish Society for Microbiology (2007-2014) and Vice-President of the Confederation of Scientific Societies of Spain (2013-2019). His studies on microbial ecology were pioneers in Europe, where he worked on the photosynthetic anoxigenic bacterial communities of karstic lakes and microbial mats. He has significantly contributed to the understanding of the first ecosystems and the establishment of early life on Earth. As a consequence of his work, he has more than 470 publications on the biochemistry, genetics, and ecology of prokaryotes. Besides his activity in research and teaching at the university, he has worked on different programs and activities on behalf of the communication of science in Spain, Latin America, and the United States, and of the public understanding of science in different countries. He has translated into Spanish and/or Catalan eleven books related to Microbiology. He has directed (Editor-in-Chief) the journal Microbiología SEM (1994-1997). He has founded and/or directed two other scientific journals: International Microbiology (1998-2014) and Contributions to Science (2011-2018). Currently (2014-present) he is the Academic Director of the Academia Europaea’s office for the Mediterranean (AE-Barcelona Knowledge Hub), located in Barcelona.
ricardguerrero2022@gmail.com

Professor Carl-Henrik Heldin

AFFILIATION:
Dept of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: www.imbim.uu.se

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
C.-H. Heldin (born 1952) is since 1992 professor in Molecular Cell Biology at Uppsala University, Sweden. Between 1986 and 2017 he was the Branch Director of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research in Uppsala. He was Vice President of the European Research Council until 2014, chair of the European Molecular Biology Organization until 2020 and chair of Science for Life Laboratory until 2021. He is currently the chair of the Boards of the Nobel Foundation, the Identification Committee for ERC Council members and the EMBL-node Molecular Infection Biology Sweden.

The research interest of C.-H. Heldin is related to the mechanisms of signal transduction by growth regulatory factors, as well as their normal function and role in disease. In particular, he studies platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), a major mitogen for connective tissue cells, and transforming growth factor‑ (TGF‑), which inhibits the growth of most cell types. An important goal is to explore the possible clinical utility of signal transduction antagonists. C.-H. Heldin has published 454 research articles in peer reviewed journals and 211 review articles. His work has been cited >75,000 times and his H-index is 145 (Web of Science).

Professor Poul Holm

AFFILIATION:
Professor of Enviromental History, Trinity College Dublin

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
http://people.tcd.ie/Profile?Username=holmp#CV_REPS_D_PREF

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
My research focuses on the human exploitation of the sea. I contend that the harvest of marine resources played a critical, but underappreciated and poorly understood, role in global history. In the past twenty years I have led major research projects that have established marine environmental history as a new and fruitful field of collaboration between the humanities and the natural sciences. My ERC-funded project, NorFish (2015-2020), documented that for several centuries before the Industrial Revolution took off North Atlantic marine extractions were of an order of magnitude comparable to 20th century fisheries. This finding challenges notions of relatively unimpacted marine ecosystems before the Industrial Age and the role of marine resources for human Atlantic crossings. In 2020 I led a team to win the first ever ERC Synergy grant for Ireland. The grant funds a six year research project to build a World Atlas of Human Marine Exploitation through the last two millennia.

Professor Jane K.Hill

AFFILIATION:
University of York, UK

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
https://www.york.ac.uk/biology/research/ecology-evolution/jane-k-hill/
https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Hill_Jane

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Environment and sustainability – involvement of Academia Europaea in research challenges and opportunities

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
It is increasingly evident that the challenges of reaching net-zero carbon to limit peak global temperatures, providing healthy food, and ensuring that nature thrives, are inter-linked challenges for developing a sustainable and resilient environment in our ‘Anthropocene’ era. As an ecologist and member of AE Class C, I was invited on to the AE task force set up by Academia Europaea to explore how AE members can play a vital role in research in this topic. The panel session will be an opportunity to discuss this topic with representatives on the AE task force, including discussion of next steps.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Prof Jane Hill is a professor of ecology in the Leverhulme Centre for Anthropocene Biodiversity and Department of Biology at the University of York, UK.
Jane’s research examines responses of species (particularly butterflies) to anthropogenic climate change. Many terrestrial species are shifting their distributions, expanding polewards and uphill as new areas become climatically suitable, but disappearing from other locations that become too hot and dry. Her research analyses distribution and abundance data to quantify the rate at which species are shifting, which has revealed that expansions are slowed-up or halted in regions where habitat is fragmented. Her research has examined the effectiveness of improving habitat connectivity and threats to montane species from climate change, as well as the effectiveness of retaining patches of natural habitat and Protected Areas within landscapes to help reduce biodiversity losses.
Jane is a member of UKRI-NERC Science Committee. She is a trustee of the SE Asia Rainforest Research Partnership, and a trustee of the British Ecological Society, chairing the Publications Committee which has oversight of 8 Journals. She received a Marsh/ZSL Award for Conservation Biology in 2011, and is President (2022-24) and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society. Jane is also involved in promoting women in science; leading the York Biology Department to an Athena SWAN Gold Award, and renewal.

Professor Marja Makarow

AFFILIATION:
President of Academia Europaea and University of Helsinki

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​LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Makarow_Marja

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Marja Makarow is President of Academia Europaea since 2022. She is Professor Emerita of Applied Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Helsinki and a cell biologist. Her research focused on chaperone-assisted folding and secretory pathway of glycoproteins. She has supervised 19 PhD students to degree and supported 50 more as Director of the Life Science doctoral school of the University of Helsinki. Her past positions are Director of Biocenter Finland (2016-2021), Vice-President of the Finnish Research Council – Academy of Finland (2012-2016), Chief Executive of the European Science Foundation ESF in Strasbourg (2008-2011) and Vice-President for Research of the University of Helsinki (2003-2007). She is current and past Board and International Advisory Council member of a number of European universities. She chaired and vice-chaired, respectively, the Founding Boards of the Tampere University, Aalto University, launched in 2019 and 2010. She also chaired the Founding Board of the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, a member organization of the Nordic EMBL Partnership of Molecular Medicine. She has carried out evaluations of research quality and impact at all levels, from individual grants and Centers’ of Excellence performance to universities’ research quality and national research and innovation systems. She served as Panel Chair of the Starting Grant Programme of the European Research Council ERC. Marja Makarow is Board member of the European Innovation Council EIC, former Governing Board member of the European Institute for Innovation and Technology EIT and Chair of the Board of Technology Academy Finland that awards the global Millennium Technology Prize for ground-breaking research-based innovations. She advised the EC Commissioner of Research in the European Research Area Board ERAB and the Finnish Government in the Prime Minister’s Research and Innovation Council, and chaired the Board of NordForsk governed by the Nordic Council of Ministers. Marja Makarow is Doctor H.C. of Tampere University and Aalto University and Chevalier de l’Ordre de Legion d’Honneur, France, and Commander of the Order of the White Lion, Finland.

Professor Genoveva Martí

AFFILIATION:
ICREA and University of Barcelona

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.icrea.cat/Web/ScientificStaff/genoveva-marti-176

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Genoveva Martí is ICREA Research Professor in the Philosophy Department of the University of Barcelona. She has taught at the University of Washington, Seattle and at the University of California, Riverside. Before moving to Barcelona in 2002 she was Reader at the London School of Economics. In 2014-15 she was Professor of Philosophy at Western University, Ontario (Canada). She has been coordinator of the research group LOGOS (http://www.ub.es/grc_logos ) and was awarded the Narcís Monturiol Medal by the Generalitat de Catalunya in 2012. Since 2017 (and until December 2022) she has been Chair of the Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies Section of the Academia Europaea. Her research focuses on the theory of reference, an area connected also with research in Linguistics and Psychology. She also has worked on the interpretation of legal disputes from the point of view of different theories of reference; on the role of the theory of reference in the defense of scientific realism, and on the impact of experimental data on semantics.

Professor Andreu Mas-Colell

AFFILIATION:
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Mas-Colell_Andreu https://www.upf.edu/web/andreu-mas-colell

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Interplay between regional and European policies

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
I will discuss some of the complexities that, for the making of a coherent and powerful European policy, derive from the fact that the bulk of research funds in Europe is distributed at the regional, meaning State, level. Some of the key questions are: Does the EU have enough of a financial muscle for it to play an effective leadership, or at least coordinating, role? Does it want to? Beyond the EU I will also review the role of the inter-governmental agreements organizations, and discuss the Brexit conundrum.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Andreu Mas-Colell is currently Emeritus Professor of Economics at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. Formerly he was Professor of Economics at Harvard University (1981-96), Professor of Economics and Mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley (1972-80) and Chairman of the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (2006-2010). He holds Honoris Causa Doctorates from the universities of Alacant, Toulouse, HEC (Paris), Universidad Nacional del Sur (Argentina) and Chicago. He has received the Rey Juan Carlos Prize in Economics (1988), the Pascual Madoz (National Research Prize), (2006), and the Premio Fundación BBVA Fronteras del Conocimiento en Economía, Finanzas y Gestión de Empresas –shared with Hugo Sonnenschein- (2009). He has served as main Editor of the Journal of Mathematical Economics (1985-88), and of Econometrica (1988-92). Professor Mas-Colell is a Fellow of the Econometric Society and was its President in 1993. In 1997 he was elected International Member to the US National Academy of Sciences and Foreign Honorary Member of the American Economic Association. He has been a Sloan Fellow (1978-1980) and Guggenheim Fellow (1985-1986). Also from 1999 to 2005 he was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Economic Association. In the year 2006 he served as President of the European Economic Association. From 2000 to 2003 he was Minister for Universities and Research of the Government of Catalonia and President of the Advisory Scientific Committee of Telefónica Investigación y Desarrollo (2005-2008). He served as General Secretary of the European Research Council (2009-2010) and Minister of Economy and Knowledge of the Government of Catalonia (2010-2015). In 2021 he was elected president of the Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory Society. Currently he is chairman of the Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST) and the Banc de Sang i Teixits (Blood and Tissue Bank).

Professor em. Dr. Helga Nowotny Ph.D.

AFFILIATION:
Professor emerita ETH Zurich, former President European Research Council

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://helga-nowotny.eu/

TITLE:
Social Innovations

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Helga Nowotny is Professor emerita of Science and Technology Studies, ETH Zurich and founding member and former President of the European Research Council.
She has held teaching and research positions at universities and research institutions several countries in Europe and continues to be actively engaged in research and innovation policy at European and international level. Among other, she is currently member of the Board of Trustees of the Falling Walls Foundation, Berlin, Vice-President of the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings, a member of the Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development and Visiting Professor at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. She received multiple honorary doctorates including from the University of Oxford and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel.
Her latest publication “In AI we Trust. Power, Illusion and Control of Predictive Algorithms” has been published by Polity Press in September 2021, LUISS University Press published the Italian version, Le macchine di Dio. Gli algoritmi predittivi e l’illusione del controllo, in May 2022.

Drs. Robert-Jan Smits

AFFILIATION:
President of the Eindhoven University of Technology

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
https://www.tue.nl/en/research/researchers/robert-jan-smits/
https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Smits_Robert-Jan

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: The European Perspective

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Robert-Jan Smits is the President of the Eindhoven University of Technology. Prior to this, he was the Director-General of Research and Innovation at the European Commission (2010-2018).
In this capacity he was the architect of Horizon 2020, the 80 billion EU Research and Innovation program. Smits has also been instrumental in shaping the successor program Horizon Europe (budget: 95 billion).
In his last year in Brussels, Robert-Jan Smits worked as Open Access Envoy of the European Commission and developed concrete policy proposals aimed to ensure that all publicly funded academic publications are widely available and accessible through Open Access.

Smits has received several recognitions and awards for his contribution to European science and innovation. He holds an honorary degree from Edinburgh University and is an honorary member of Academia Europaea.

ABSTRACT:
Increasingly, Europe’s scientists are embracing the core values of Open Science: sharing knowledge, collaborating and being transparant. Open Access to publications and data is becoming the norm, collaborative networks are showing their power and the windows and doors of academic institutions are opened. For almost a decade, the European Commission has been a driving force behind Open Science and launched several initiatives such as Plan S, the European Open Science Cloud, Horizon Europe, an update of the European Code on Research Integrity and recently regarding a reform of the research assessment system. In my presentation I will focus on the state of implementation of the Open Science agenda and practices, and deal with the question if academic institutions and their researchers are really walking the talk?

Professor Jean-Marie Tarascon

AFFILIATION:
College-de-France

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Tarascon_Jean

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Smarter batteries via the help of sensing and self-healing functionalities

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Batteries, as one of the most versatile energy storage technologies, play a central role in the ongoing transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy. They are becoming the heart of our society owing to the key role they play within the field of electrical mobility, grid applications and connected objects. Therefore, the enhancement of the battery performance, reliability, longevity and sustainability becomes a crucial challenge for the years to come, as it will enable to reduce their environment footprint. To address these various aspects, disruptive approaches consist in injecting sensing and self-healing functionalities within the battery to monitor intertwined complex physical/chemical processes in its core and repair electrode fracturing under real working conditions. This presentation will describe through specific examples the underlying science behind this emerging research field that enlists the use of optical sensors for screening electrolytes or spotting electrode degradation but also of supramolecular chemistry for healing electrode fracturing.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Jean-Marie Tarascon is Professor at the College de France holding the chair “Chemistry of solids – Energy), But much of his early career was spent in US where he discovered the plastic Li-ion technology. Back to France in 1995, he created the European network of excellence ALISTORE-ERI and more recently the French network on electrochemical energy storage (RS2E). Tarascon’s present research is devoted to battery materials/electrolytes, novel reactivity concepts, chemistries beyond Li .and sensing. He is the author of ~700 scientific papers, detains ~100 patents and received many honours, with the last ones being the 2020’s Balzan prize and the CNRS 2022 Gold medal.

Professor Dr. Moniek Tromp

AFFILIATION:
University of Groningen, Netherlands – Vice-Chair Young Academy Europe

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​LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.rug.nl/staff/moniek.tromp/  |  https://yacadeuro.org/tromp/
TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Next generation science policy

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The academic culture seems to changing, from for example the university level career assessment (i.e. recognition and rewarding), to open science and science-for-policy and policy-for-science. More efforts are and need to be undertaken to become more diverse and inclusive and as such provide better policy advice. Special efforts are required to include and engage early and mid career researchers into science-policy, which I will elaborate on.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Moniek Tromp is Chair of Materials Chemistry at the Zernike Institute at the University of Groningen. She is board member of the Dutch Research Council, the National Network for Female Professors, the European Synchrotron and FEL User Organisation and chair of the Dutch Catalysis Society.
She is vice-chair of the Young Academy Europe, board member of the Young Academies Science Advice Structure and executive board member of the Initiative for Science Europe.

Her research focusses on the development and application of operando spectroscopy techniques in catalysis and materials research, incl. fuel cells, batteries, photochemistry, as well as arts, with a focus on X-ray spectroscopy techniques. She has been awarded prestigious fellowships like the EPSRC Advanced Research Fellowship, NWO VIDI and the NWO Athena prize. She is active in numerous science advisory and review panels of large research facilities and universities internationally, and part of a European Science Strategy team for large facilities.

Professor Peter Wagner

AFFILIATION:
ICREA (Catalan Institute for Research and Advanced Studies), University of Barcelona andUniversity of Central Asia

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.icrea.cat/Web/ScientificStaff/peter–wagner-521

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Climate change and the politics of the Great Acceleration

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Searching for the social causes of anthropogenic climate change, the social sciences and humanities have tended to provide overly generic explanations in terms of an instrumental relation to nature, of capitalist expansion drives, or of the human longing for comfort. Focusing on the socio-political transformations since the middle of the twentieth century, which have been referred to as the “Great Acceleration” in the use of biophysical resources and in environmental degradation, in contrast, this presentation will focus on the socio-political mechanisms that brought the resource-intensive path of social development about, showing how Western democratic societies tended to “solve” difficult social problems by means of a triple displacement: onto other societies; onto nature and the planet; and into the future. As an unintended consequence, this displacement politics led to the globalization of resource-intensive development and to a planetary situation in which further displacement no longer seems possible.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Peter Wagner is Research Professor of Social Sciences at the Catalan Institute for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA) and at the University of Barcelona. Currently, he is also linked with the University of Central Asia for the research cluster “Modernity in Central Asia: Society, identity, environment”. His main research areas are historical and political sociology and social and political theory. He is particularly interested in the historical-comparative analysis of major social transformations, in particular with regard to the human use of biophysical resources. His recent book publications include: Collective action and political transformations: the entangled experiences in Brazil, South Africa and Europe (with Aurea Mota), Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019; European modernity: a global approach (with Bo Stråth), London: Bloomsbury, 2017; Progress: a reconstruction, Cambridge: Polity, 2016 (translated into French, German, and Croat).

Professor Dr. h.c. Verena Winiwarter

AFFILIATION:
Austrian Academy of Sciences, Commission for Interdisciplinary Ecological Studies

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.oeaw.ac.at/m/winiwarter-verena

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Environment and sustainability – Current Situation and Possible Future Directions of the Academia Europaea

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The Panel Session will briefly report of the work of an AE Task Force set up by Academia Europaea. The panel members will give an overview of potentials and possibilities for involvement of AE in these topics, as well as of challenges that have to be addressed. The interactive session will leave ample room for suggestions from the floor.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Born 1961 in Vienna, engineer for technical chemistry, studied history and journalism, habilitated human ecologist, professor for environmental history at the Institute for Social Ecology at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences 2018-2022, previously in this position since 2007 at the Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt; co-founder of the Centre for Environmental History, founding president of the European Society for Environmental History, as well as of the International Environmental History Umbrella Association (until 7/19). She has chaired the Commission for Interdisciplinary Ecological Studies of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, of which she has been a full member since 2016. Since 2019, she is chairperson of the Council of Environmental Experts of the City of Vienna. Verena Winiwarter is the co-author of numerous publications on, among other things, the environmental history of Vienna (most recently 2019: Wasser-Stadt-Wien), together with Hans-Rudolf Bork, Geschichte unserer Umwelt. 66 Reisen durch die Zeit. This book was published in 2019 in a 3rd, expanded and updated edition, it was chosen in 2015 as Science Book of the Year in Austria as well as Environmental Book of the Year in Germany. Numerous awards including -2014: “Scientist of the Year 2013” (Club of Education and Science Journalists of Austria), 2015: Grand Decoration of Honor of the Province of Carinthia, 2019: Honorary Doctorate Aalborg Universitet, Denmark. Elected member of Academia Europaea since 2020.

Academia Europaea Awards and Prizes

Erasmus Medal 2021 Phillipe Aghion
+ info

Gold Award 2022 Sierd Cloetingh
+info

Class A1

Professor Poul Holm

AFFILIATION:
Professor of Enviromental History, Trinity College Dublin

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
http://people.tcd.ie/Profile?Username=holmp#CV_REPS_D_PREF

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
My research focuses on the human exploitation of the sea. I contend that the harvest of marine resources played a critical, but underappreciated and poorly understood, role in global history. In the past twenty years I have led major research projects that have established marine environmental history as a new and fruitful field of collaboration between the humanities and the natural sciences. My ERC-funded project, NorFish (2015-2020), documented that for several centuries before the Industrial Revolution took off North Atlantic marine extractions were of an order of magnitude comparable to 20th century fisheries. This finding challenges notions of relatively unimpacted marine ecosystems before the Industrial Age and the role of marine resources for human Atlantic crossings. In 2020 I led a team to win the first ever ERC Synergy grant for Ireland. The grant funds a six year research project to build a World Atlas of Human Marine Exploitation through the last two millennia.

Professor John Tolan

AFFILIATION:
Nantes Université 

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.univ-nantes.fr/john-tolan

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Religious diversity and cultural transmission in Europe: 2 ERC projects

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
From 2010 to 2015, I directed an ERC program (advanced grant) entitled “RELMIN: The legal status of religious minorities in the Euro-Mediterranean world (5th-15th centuries)”. I hired a multidisciplinary team of scholars to study legal texts that defined the status of Jews and Christians living in Muslim lands and Jews and Muslims living in Christian lands. We produced a database of over 600 texts (original texts in Arabic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin and various European vernaculars; translations into English and French; analysis and bibliography). See http://telma.irht.cnrs.fr/outils/relmin/index/. We also organized workshops and conferences and published a series of 10 books (PhD theses and conference proceedings) with Brepols.

I am currently one of the four principal investigators of the ERC synergy grant program “EuQu: the European Qur’an”. Our team of over 30 investigators (PhD students, post-docs, senior researchers) study the impact of the Qur’an on European cultural, intellectual and religious history. See https://euqu.eu/.

I have also served as a member of the ERC starting grant committee SH6 (history) in 2013 and 2015 and as chair of the committee in 2017 and 2019.

My contributions to this round table, based on these various experiences with the ERC, will focus on the opportunities that the ERC offers to researchers in the humanities and social sciences and on how to take advantage of these opportunities.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
John Tolan works on the history of religious and cultural relations between the Arab and Latin worlds in the Middle Ages and on the history of religious interaction and conflict between Jews, Christians and Muslims. He studied at Yale (BA classics), University of Chicago (MA & PhD history) and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Habilitation à diriger des recherches: HDR). He has taught in various universities in North America, Europe, Africa and the Middle East; he is currently professor of History at the University of Nantes and member of the Academia Europæa and the Reial Acadèmia de Bones Lletres de Barcelona. He has received numerous prizes and distinctions, including two major grants from the European Research Council and the Prix Diane Potier-Boès from the Académie Française (2008). He is author of numerous articles and books, including Petrus Alfonsi and his Medieval Readers (1993) Saracens: Islam in the Medieval European Imagination (2002), Sons of Ishmael (2008), Saint Francis and the Sultan (2009), Faces of Muhammad: Western Perceptions of the Prophet of Islam from the Middle Ages to Today (2019), and Nouvelle histoire de l’islam, VIIe-XXIe siècles (2022). He is one of the four coordinators of the European Research Council program “The European Qur’an” (2019-2025; https://euqu.eu/).

Class A2

Professor Philippe Aghion

AFFILIATION:
College de France, INSEAD, and London School of Economics

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.aeinfo.org/ae/Member/Aghion_Philippe
CV: https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/aghion/files/cv_aug2021.pdf
Publications: https://scholar.harvard.edu/aghion/publications

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
Creative Destruction and the Quest for Greener and More Inclusive Growth

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The presentation will show how the creative destruction paradigm can both, shed light on various growth history enigmas, and help rethink the future of capitalism. How can we direct creative destruction toward greener and more equitable growth? How can we prevent yesterday’s innovators from using their rents to block new innovation? How can we minimise the potentially negative effects of creative destruction on employment, health, and happiness? We shall argue that it takes the combined action of firms, the State and Civil Society to steer creative destruction in a desirable direction, and to avert Schumpeter’s prediction that large conglomerates would push out small firms, leading to the disappearance of entrepreneurs and the triumph of bureaucracy and vested interests.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Philippe Aghion is a Professor at the College de France, at INSEAD and at the London School of Economics, and a fellow of the Econometric Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His research focuses on the economics of growth. With Peter Howitt, he pioneered the so-called Schumpeterian Growth paradigm which was subsequently used to analyze the design of growth policies and the role of the state in the growth process. Much of this work is summarized in their joint book Endogenous Growth Theory (MIT Press, 1998) and The Economics of Growth (MIT Press, 2009), in his book with Rachel Griffith on Competition and Growth (MIT Press, 2006), and in his survey “What Do We Learn from Schumpeterian Growth Theory” (joint with U. Akcigit and P. Howitt. In 2001, Philippe Aghion received the Yrjo Jahnsson Award of the best European economist under age 45, in 2009 he received the John Von Neumann Award, and in March 2020 he shared the BBVA “Frontier of Knowledge Award” with Peter Howitt for “developing an economic growth theory based on the innovation that emerges from the process of creative destruction”.

Professor Björn Wittrock

AFFILIATION:
Uppsala University and Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://www.swedishcollegium.se/subfolders/Fellows/Permanent_Fellows/bjorn.html

https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Wittrock_Bj%C3%B6rn

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Björn Wittrock was a Founding Director of the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study and its Principal in the years 1996-2018. He was appointed University Professor at Uppsala University in 1999. Prior to that he held the Lars Hierta Chair of Government at Stockholm University.

He is one of the founders of SIAS, a group of ten leading institutes for advanced study, and has served on boards of more than twenty such institutes on four continents, on panels of national and international research councils, including the ERC, and on the committee for the Holberg Prize. In 2021 he was Chair of the juries for the Erasmus Medal and for the Barcelona Hypatia European Science Prize. In 2022 he is Chair of the jury for social sciences and humanities of the Falling Walls Awards. He has been President of the International Institute of Sociology and was a founding member of the International Panel on Social Progress.

Björn Wittrock has written on the sociology of ancient, medieval and modern societies, contributed to The Cambridge World History, Vols. IV and V (CUP, 2015) and published five monographs and fifteen anthologies, among them Social Science at the Crossroads (with S. Randeria, Brill 2019); Axial Civilizations and World History (with J. P. Arnason and S.N. Eisenstadt, Brill, 2005); Eurasian Transformations (with J. P. Arnason, Brill, 2004 and 2011); The Rise of the Social Sciences and the Formation of Modernity (with J. Heilbron and L. Magnusson, Kluwer, 1998 and 2001); The European and American University since 1800 (with S. Rothblatt, CUP, 1993 and 2006); and Social Sciences and Modern States (with P. Wagner et al., CUP, 1991 and 2008).

He is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Academia Europaea and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has been awarded the Torgny Segerstedt Medal and the Gustavus Adolphus Medal in Gold (Uppsala University 1998 and 2017); an Honorary Doctorate at the University of Tartu 2003; the Federal Cross of Merit (Germany 2008); the dedication of Social Theory (Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl (CUP, 2009); the Swedish King’s Medal in Gold (2009)  and the Festschrift The Benefit of Broad Horizons: Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science (edited by Hans Joas and Barbro Klein, Brill, 2010).

Class B

Dr. Ricardo Baeza-Yates

AFFILIATION:
Institute for Experiential AI at Northeastern University, USA
and Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.baeza.cl/

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Responsible AI: Challenges and Recommendations

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
In the first part we cover five current specific problems that motivate the needs of responsible AI: (1) discrimination (e.g., facial recognition, justice, sharing economy, language models); (2) phrenology (e.g., biometric based predictions); (3) unfair digital commerce (e.g., exposure and popularity bias); (4) stupid models (e.g., minimal adversarial AI) and (5) indiscriminate use of computing resources (e.g., large language models). These examples do have a personal bias but set the context for the second part where we address four challenges: (1) too many principles (e.g., principles vs. techniques), (2) cultural differences; (3) regulation and (4) our cognitive biases. We finish discussing what we can do to address these challenges soon to be able to develop responsible AI.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Ricardo Baeza-Yates is Director of Research at the Institute for Experiential AI of Northeastern University. He is also part-time professor at Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. Before, he was VP of Research at Yahoo Labs, based in Barcelona, Spain, and later in Sunnyvale, California, from 2006 to 2016. He is co-author of the best-seller Modern Information Retrieval textbook published by Addison-Wesley in 1999 and 2011 (2nd ed), that won the ASIST 2012 Book of the Year award. From 2002 to 2004 he was elected to the Board of Governors of the IEEE Computer Society and between 2012 and 2016 was elected for the ACM Council. In 2009 he was named ACM Fellow and in 2011 IEEE Fellow, among other awards and distinctions. He obtained a Ph.D. in CS from the University of Waterloo, Canada, in 1989, and his areas of expertise are web search and data mining, information retrieval, bias on AI, data science and algorithms in general.

Professor Paolo Papale

AFFILIATION:
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Pisa

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Papale_Paolo

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Paolo Papale started his academic career in 1990 at the University of Pisa, then moved to the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) of Italy, where he directed the National Program in Volcanic Hazards, became the first Director of the newly born Volcanoes Division in 2013, and founded the INGV Center for Volcanic Hazards in 2016. He has been over several years an advisor for volcanic crises and emergency planning operations by the National Civil Protection Department of Italy. In 2005 he became Secretary for Volcanology, then in 2007 President of the Geochemistry, Mineralogy, Petrology and Volcanology Division of the EGU – European Geosciences Union. He participated in several expeditions worldwide, and was a member of the United Nations Commission for the Lake Kivu crisis in 2002. In 2011 he became member of the Academia Europaea, then Chair of the Earth and Cosmic Sciences Section in 2017, and Chair of the Exact Sciences Class B in January 2022. He has been Coordinator, Principal Investigator, WP leader and key person in a number of projects funded by the European Union; founder and co-chair of the Volcano Observatory Best Practice (VOBP) workshop series; Editor of scientific journals and specialized books, and founding Editor of EGU-Solid Earth; and evaluator or member of the evaluation panels in EU, NSF, NERC, and many other science funding agencies.

His main scientific interest is the physics and dynamics of volcanic processes, mainly through the approaches of mathematical modelling and numerical simulations; and the development and setup of multi-disciplinary approaches to understand volcano dynamics and forecast the volcanic hazards. Besides that, his contributions extend to the scientific management of volcanic crises and the roles and responsibilities of scientists in front of the society; and to the analysis of global volcanism on Earth.

Class C

András Báldi

Professor András Báldi

AFFILIATION:
Centre for Ecological Research

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://ecosystem-services.ecolres.hu/people/baldi-andras

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: From local ecosystems to food security

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The last two years showed that many of our preferred activities, like travel, can be easily ceased, while a few basics are always needed to survive and to solve problems. These are – among others – food, health and science. AE has the knowledge to address these issues and guide policymakers.
This proposal is to initiate a working group to prepare a document on how improvement in local ecosystems can contribute to food production and food security. It aligns with the EU Green Deal and its Biodiversity and Farm to Fork strategies. The background is „ecological intensification” when agricultural production is supported by natural processes, not agrochemical input or machinery use. Proper management of ecosystems may increase the number of pollinators, natural enemies of agricultural pests, or soil organisms, thus biodiversity in general. Such management is context-dependent and, therefore may differ among geographic regions and socio-economic environments. The understanding of how local people and stakeholders accept or reject the idea of ecological intensification is thus a critical step toward broader application. Therefore, a useful study on the applicability and potential of ecological intensification needs a wide and comprehensive approach across systems in Europe; otherwise won’t give specific guidance and only remain at the general level.
We should build on the multidisciplinary nature of AE, and its large and diverse membership – which is distinct from other European advisory bodies. The publication of such a document may attract new members to AE in this underrepresented area.
When thinking is starting, we should consider other European advisory bodies’ recent reports, like:
A sustainable food system for the European Union (https://sapea.info/topic/food/)
Regenerative Agriculture (https://easac.eu/projects/details/regenerative-agriculture/)
Resilience and transformation (https://scar-europe.org/index.php/news-display/178-docs-5th-scar-foresight-confernce-resilience)

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
András Báldi MAE is leading the Ecosystem services research group at the Centre for Ecological Research, Hungary. His main research topics are biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural areas, especially pollination and conservation biological pest control, with particular reference to landscape approach and ecological intensification based on these services. Báldi has been a leader in several multidisciplinary research, like the Environmental Horizon Scanning – Hungary 2050, or the Nature and Mental Health programs. He is interested in the science-policy interface, former leader, expert and author of the IPBES, chair of the Advisory Board of the European Biodiversity Partnership, co-chair of EASAC (European Academies’ Science Advisory Council) Environment Panel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

András Báldi MAE is leading the Ecosystem services research group at the Centre for Ecological Research, Hungary. His main research topics are biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural areas, especially pollination and conservation biological pest control, with particular reference to landscape approach and ecological intensification based on these services. Báldi has been a leader in several multidisciplinary research, like the Environmental Horizon Scanning – Hungary 2050, or the Nature and Mental Health programs. He is interested in the science-policy interface, former leader, expert and author of the IPBES, chair of the Advisory Board of the European Biodiversity Partnership, co-chair of EASAC (European Academies’ Science Advisory Council) Environment Panel.

Professor Jaume Bertranpetit

AFFILIATION:
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.ae-info.org/ae/Member/Bertranpetit_Jaume

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: The information hidden in the human genome: from the history of populations to adaptation and disease

ABSTRACT:
Studying genomes allows us to understand, based on the differences between them, the evolutionary processes that have occurred in the past and is currently the most powerful tool for reconstructing evolution, and in particular human evolution. On the other hand, it allows us to recognize where natural selection has been and where we have a whole new vision of the adaptation process. Last, but not least, these views have consequences on the disease risk that may be calculated at the individual level.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Professor of Biology at the Pompeu Fabra University (Barcelona). Group leader in the Evolutionary Biology and Complex Systems Program in this University. Promoter of the Institute for Evolutionary Biology, IBE (UPF-CSIC). His research field is in different aspects on the study of the human genome variation and diversity: human population genetics, molecular evolution, comparative genomics and the interaction between human evolutionary biology and other fields, including medicine, genetic of complex diseases, statistical genetics and others. Recent publications are mainly on the footprint of natural selection in the human genome and the emerging field of Evolutionary Systems Biology, with the relationship of molecular networks and adaptation in genome-wide perspective. He has published over 350 research papers, most of them since his major dedication to genome studies (since 1992). Director of ICREA (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats) till 2015.

Ray Dixon

Professor Ray Dixon

AFFILIATION:
Department of Molecular Microbiology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.jic.ac.uk/people/ray-dixon/

TITLE OF PRESENTATION:
The nitrogen crisis in agriculture and potential solutions using biological nitrogen fixation

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Ray Dixon received his D.Phil at the University of Sussex in 1973 and was a Scientific Officer at the AFRC Unit of Nitrogen Fixation until 1995, when he moved to the John Innes Centre in Norwich. He is a Director of the JIC-CAS Centre of Excellence in Plant and Microbial Science and former Head of the Department of Molecular Microbiology at the John Innes Centre.
Ray has pioneered research on genetic and biochemical analysis of biological nitrogen fixation for more than 40 years. In 1972, he successfully transferred the complete cluster of nitrogen fixation (nif) genes from Klebsiella pneumoniae to Escherichia coli, thus creating the first engineered diazotroph. Dixon’ s group have had a major impact on our understanding of how nitrogen fixation is regulated at the molecular level in response to environmental factors and how multiple signals are communicated to the transcriptional apparatus via signal transduction pathways. Dixon also has extensive knowledge of the biological functions of genes required for the regulation, biosynthesis and activity of nitrogenases and the physiological conditions that favour nitrogen fixation.  In collaboration with colleagues in the China and Brazil he is exploiting this knowledge for re-engineering diazotrophic endophytes that efficiently transfer fixed nitrogen to crops and developing strategies for the expression of nitrogen fixation genes in eukaryotes.
Ray Dixon’s contributions to biological nitrogen fixation are recognised by his election to the Royal Society and he has served on Society committees that co-ordinate European interests. He is also an elected member of the European Molecular Biology Organisation and has promoted European excellence in science through his membership of this body.

Professor Rebecca Fitzgerald

AFFILIATION:
Early Cancer Institute, University of Cambridge

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
https://www.oncology.cam.ac.uk/directory/r-fitzgerald

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: From population to personalised prevention of cancer: lessons from the oesophagus

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Cancer is among the leading causes of death in Europe and worldwide. Cancer is dreaded because it can shorten life. However, most individuals who receive a cancer diagnosis also fear the lengthy and toxic treatment they may be given to cure or control the disease. Society and individuals therefore seek a more pro-active approach to diagnosing cancer earlier, at a stage when it can be treated more effectively and with fewer side effects. In this paradigm rather than a re-active symptom-based approach, individuals are invited to undergo tests to find cancer and treat it earlier, including before symptoms are apparent. There are many important considerations when developing and implementing early cancer tests that include the accuracy but also the accessibility to the population at risk, the psychological and practical consequences of a positive test as well as the cost-effectiveness. In this talk I will explore the opportunities and challenges of innovation in the early detection field illustrated by my own work on developing a new approach for the early detection of oesophageal cancer.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Rebecca Fitzgerald OBE is Professor of Cancer Prevention and Director of the Early Detection Institute at the University of Cambridge and practices medicine as Hon. Consultant in Gastroenterology and Cancer Medicine at Addenbrooke’s Hospital. Rebecca also leads the Cambridge component of the CRUK International Alliance in Early Detection (ACED). Rebecca is a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences in the UK and was elected a member of EMBO in 2021. The focus of her research is to investigate the steps in malignant transformation in the oesophagus and stomach and to use this information to improve clinical early detection strategies. Her work to develop and implement the Cytosponge and related biomarker assays for detection of Barrett’s oesophagus and associated dysplasia has been awarded a number of prizes including the Westminster Medal, an NHS Innovation prize and the Don Listwin Early Detection Prize. Rebecca has contributed to evidence reviews and policy work around screening including for the Department of Health in the UK and recently for the European Commission. Rebecca enjoys teaching and is a Fellow of Medical Sciences at Trinity College Cambridge.

Professor Crisanto Gutierrez

AFFILIATION:
Centro de Biologia Molecular Severo Ochoa, CSIC-UAM

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://cbm.uam.es/crisanto-gutierrez

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Crisanto Gutierrez is CSIC Prof., Director of the Program in Genome Dynamics and Function, EMBO Member (1999), and EMBO Council Member (since 2020). 

He obtained a PhD (1980) and worked as Assistant Prof. of Cell Biology (1982-1986) in Univ. of Alcala de Henares (Madrid), Harvard Medical School and Roche Institute (1986-1991) and CSIC (staff scientist since 1991).

He uses a multidisciplinary approach to decipher the mechanisms regulating cell proliferation and DNA replication during development, with a primary focus in the model plant Arabidopsis, and the crosstalk with epigenetics and gene expression. His laboratory has contributed to elucidating mechanisms controlling the cell cycle progression, endoreplication and chromatin dynamics.

Professor Dr. József Haller

AFFILIATION:
University of Public Service Budapest

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://en.uni-nke.hu/

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Abnormal aggression models and the neurobiology of violence

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Aggression is a natural behaviour, whereas violence is not. The biomedical approach assumed for a long time that the mechanisms of aggression and violence are essentially similar. However, recent work with abnormal aggression models refuted this assumption. Work with such models not only showed that the mechanisms of aggression and violence differ, but also that behaviourally different abnormal aggressions have different neuroendocrinologic underpinnings. I will overview the concept of abnormal aggression, and summarize the mechanistic discoveries related to this approach. The human relevance of these findings will also be addressed.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Jozsef Haller worked as a research scientist at the Institute of Experimental Medicine (Budapest, Hungary) from 1991 to 2020. He occupied various positions, being laboratory head from 1999 and department head from 2004. He worked as a vising scientist at the Leiden University (The Netherlands) between 1997 and 1999. He worked as a visiting scientist for shorter periods in France, The Netherlands (Groeningen University), UK, and USA. He is the head of the Criminal Psychology Department of the University of Public Service since 2016. He became the head of the Doctoral School of this university in 2021.
Haller obtained his University Doctor and PhD degrees in 1991 and 1995, respectively, at the Eötvös Loránd University (Budapest). In 2004, he obtained the Doctor in Science degree at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and the habilitated doctor degree in 2018 at the University of Public Service.
As a scientist, Haller studied the neurobiology of behavior with a special focus on stress, aggression and the endocannabinoid system. He developed the concept of abnormal aggression and contributed substantially to the development of new concepts related to the neuroendocrine control of violence. He also had important contributions to the understanding of the role of the endocannabinoid system in anxiety and stimulus responding.

Professor Dr. Dirk Inze

AFFILIATION:
VIB-UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.psb.ugent.be/

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Gene editing for crop improvement: the quest for a science based policy making

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
All that we eat does not occur in nature and is the product of plant breeding. For a long time this process was empirical. In the last centuries various innovations have accelerated the development of improved crops. These include, amongst others, the use of mutagenesis, hybrids, tissue culture, molecular markers, genomic selection and the introduction of novel traits by genetic engineering. Much of the recent advances were aided by the spectacular progress in understanding plant genomes and the molecular networks underlying important agronomic traits. In 2012 a new breeding technology, gene editing or CRIPSR-Cas, emerged. This amazing, Nobel-Prize winning, method allows for making very specific changes in the genome of plants, ultimately indistinguishable from what can be obtained by conventional breeding. Whereas already a large number of countries adopted this technology for crop improvement, a ruling of the European Court of Justice (2018) classified plants obtained by gene editing as GMOs, hereby de facto jeopardizing the deployment of CRISPR-Cas in Europe. Importantly, scientists all over Europe have expressed deep concerns on the ECJ ruling and called for revisiting the use of gene editing for crop improvement, a process that is now ongoing in the EU. However, it is pivotal that the scientific community continues to emphasize the crucial role of gene editing for selection of climate resilient crop varieties with a reduced environmental foot print (less pesticides). There is an urgent need for more science-informed policy making!

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Dirk Inzé is a global leader in plant biology. His research ambition is to obtain a holistic understanding of the molecular networks regulating plant organ growth and crop productivity. His work has opened up new perspectives for providing food security for the growing world population in a changing climate.

Dirk Inzé received his PhD at Ghent in 1984. In 1990, he was appointed Research Director of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), where he initiated highly successful research programs on the plant cell cycle and growth control. In 1995, he became Professor at Ghent University and he was the scientific founder of the biotechnology company CropDesign, which was established in 1998 and acquired in 2006 by BASF Plant Science. In 2002, Dirk was appointed Director of the Center for Plant Systems Biology of the VIB. Under his directorship, the Center – currently employing approximately 300 individuals – became one of the world leading centers for advanced plant sciences. Dirk’s research was recognized by numerous awards and he is a member of several science advisory boards. He currently owns, for the second time, an advanced ERC grant and his work received >60,250 citations (H-factor 137). In 2017, Dirk was awarded with the prestigious World Agriculture Prize. In 2020 he was elected to be a member of Academia Europaea. In 2021, Dirk was appointed member of the Science Council of the ERC. He is the chairperson of EU-SAGE, a consortium of 142 European plant research institutes advocating for the use of Gene editing for a sustainable agriculture (www.eu-sage.com).

Professor Eva Kondorosi

AFFILIATION:
Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre, Szeged

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://group.szbk.u-szeged.hu/kondorosi/index.html

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:

Eva Kondorosi is the current chair of Class C (Life Sciences) and board member of Academia Europaea. She is also one of the seven members of the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors of the European Commission.

Her primary research field is Rhizobium-legume symbiosis and symbiotic nitrogen fixation with recent focus on plant-controlled differentiation of bacteria. Her work opened up many new areas of research including chemical ecology (communication of plants and bacteria by chemical and peptide signals), plant organ development, cell differentiation or fighting antimicrobial resistance. She discovered hundreds of unique peptides in legume symbiotic cells representing a gold mine of biological activities. Her research aims to understand the role of these peptides in symbiosis and to develop effective new drugs from them for medicine and agriculture. Her expertise is very broad in the fields of microbiology, plant development biology, cell cycle control, bacterial and host communication, molecular biology, genetics, biochemistry, and omics. Currently she was a lead advisor on cancer screening recommendations of the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors to the European Commission.

For her original discoveries she received several prestigious awards including the Balzan Prize or the Széchenyi Prize. She is a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences (USA), Academia Europaea, the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, the French Academy of Agriculture, the European Academy of Microbiology, and the European Molecular Biology Organization. She was a member of the UN Secretary General’s Scientific Advisory Board as well as a member and Vice President of the European Research Council.

Professor Manuel Serrano

AFFILIATION:
ICREA Professor, Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)

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LINK TO WEBPAGE:
https://www.irbbarcelona.org/en/research/manuel-serrano

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Cellular senescence and reprogramming provide new insights into the process of ageing

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Aging is, by far, the single most important risk factor for the large majority of diseases. Paradoxically, the molecular and cellular basis of ageing have remained poorly studied in comparison to other areas of research related to health and disease. In recent years, the understanding of cellular senescence and cellular reprogramming are providing unprecedented insights into the process of ageing, including emerging pharmacological interventions and objective measures of biological ageing, even at the single cell level. I will present an overview of these areas of research together with some of our recent contributions.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Manuel Serrano obtained his PhD in 1991, at the University of Madrid (UAM). From 1991 to 1996, Serrano worked as a postdoctoral researcher in the team of David Beach in Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, NY. Since 1997, Manuel works in Spain, first in Madrid, at the National Center of Biotechnology (CNB) (until 2003) and at the Spanish National Cancer Research Center (CNIO). In 2017, Serrano moved to the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), in Barcelona.

Manuel Serrano is recognized in the fields of tumor suppression, senescence, aging and reprogramming. In 1993, he reported the discovery of the gene p16. This gene is among the most important anti-cancer genes but also a key inducer and marker of cellular senescence. Serrano pioneered the generation of genetically-modified mice resistant to cancer.  Also, the Serrano laboratory demonstrated that cellular reprogramming into pluripotency is possible within tissues in vivo  (Advance of the Year 2013, by Nature Medicine). The focus of his laboratory is to apply their knowledge on senescence and reprogramming to treat degenerative diseases and aging.

Professor Iva Tolić

AFFILIATION:
Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://www.tolic.irb.hr

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Mechanobiology of mitosis

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Segregation of the genome from a mother cell into two daughter cells during cell division is one of the fundamental processes of life. Physical separation of chromosomes is carried out by the spindle, a fascinating and complex molecular assembly made of microtubules and numerous other proteins. The mechanobiology of the spindle uses force and length as a language to tell its story, because the regulation of these two players defines how the spindle self-organizes and performs its function. As the spindle is basically a mechanical micro-machine, understanding its functioning requires experimental approaches based on mechanical perturbations, which complement and work together with classical genetic and biochemical methods. Recent data emerging from these approaches in combination with theoretical modeling have led to novel ideas and significant revisions of basic concepts in the field. I will discuss our efforts to understand spindle mechanics, focusing on microtubule forces that control chromosome movements and their role in ensuring chromosome segregation fidelity.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Iva Tolić is a Professor of Biology and Senior Research Group Leader with tenure at the Ruđer Bošković Institute in Zagreb, Croatia. She graduated in molecular biology from the University of Zagreb. Her PhD work on cell mechanics was done with Prof. Ning Wang at Harvard. Afterwards, she did a postdoc in cell biophysics with Prof. Kirstine Berg-Sørensen and Prof. Lene Oddershede at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, and later with Prof. Francesco Pavone at LENS – European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy, in Florence, Italy. From 2004 until 2014 she worked as a Research Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden, Germany. In 2015, she returned to her hometown Zagreb. Her research areas are biophysics of the spindle in mitosis and meiosis, microtubules and motor proteins. Iva is a recipient of the prestigious grants funded by the European Research Council (ERC), Consolidator and Synergy. She has been elected to EMBO membership. In 2014, she was chosen by the journal Cell as one of 40 scientists from around the world and working in diverse biological fields, “40 under 40”. She received numerous awards including the Ignaz Lieben Award of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, European Biophysical Societies Association (EBSA) Young Investigators’ Medal and Prize, European Life Science Award in the category Investigator of the Year, Croatian Women of Influence Award, and National Science Award of the Republic of Croatia.

YAE

Professor Stephen Curry

AFFILIATION:
Imperial College London, UK

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.imperial.ac.uk/people/s.curry

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Practical steps toward diversity and inclusion in academia

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
Attention is rightly, if somewhat belatedly, turning to the challenges of equity, diversity and inclusion (EDI) in academic as part of efforts to address longstanding issues with ‘research culture’. In my short presentation I will discuss the work done at Imperial College to develop and implement an EDI strategy and action plan. I will aim to focus on the practical challenges of delivering actions that make a difference.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Stephen Curry is a Professor of Structural Biology in the Department of Life Sciences at Imperial College where he also serves as Imperial’s first Assistant Provost for Equality, Diversity and Inclusion. As a researcher he has worked for over three decades on molecular aspects of protein-drug interactions and on the replication of RNA viruses. His transition into the Assistant Provost role in 2017 was the culmination of a burgeoning interest in the social and culture of science. Stephen has written regularly on his Reciprocal Space blog and at the Guardian, covering a wide range of topics including open access, research assessment and science policy.

An active campaigner, Stephen was a founder member of Science is Vital and from 2012-18 he served on the board of the Campaign for Science and Engineering, organizations that make the case for public investment in R&D. He was a member of the UK government-convened group which in 2015 produced the Metric Tide report on the use of metrics in research assessment. He is currently chair of the steering group of the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) which is actively promoting reform of research assessment worldwide.

Professor Yvonne Galligan

AFFILIATION:
Technological University Dublin (TU Dublin)

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.tudublin.ie/explore/about-the-university/equality-and-diversity/

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Shaping gender equality in academia

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Professor Yvonne Galligan leads the Equality, Diversity and Inclusion (EDI) Directorate in Technological University Dublin. She is also Professor of Comparative Politics with a growing interdisciplinary research team on equality, diversity and inclusion issues based in TU Dublin. She has over 25 years’ experience in higher education. She specialises in the study of gender equality in politics and public life. In recent years she has deployed the analysis of women in the public sphere to interrogate the gendered nature of higher education. Throughout her career, she has advised governments, political parties and many private organisations on strategies for success to bring about greater equity and inclusion.

Dr. Linn Leppert

AFFILIATION:
MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://www.leppertlab.com

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Dr. Linn Leppert is Assistant Professor in Computational Chemical Physics at the University of Twente (Netherlands). Her research group develops and uses first-principles numerical modelling techniques to understand and predict light-converting processes in complex biological, organic-inorganic and, fully inorganic systems – from perovskite solar absorbers to photosynthesis. Linn is also board member of the Young Academy of Europe (YAE) and organizes the taskforce Equality, Diversity and Inclusion for the YAE.

Dr. Gemma Modinos

AFFILIATION:
Young Academy of Europe and King’s College London (UK)

 

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.kcl.ac.uk/people/dr-gemma-modinos

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Laudatio and presentation of the 2022 André Mischke YAE Prize for Science and Policy

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Dr. Modinos is the Chair of the Young Academy of Europe (2020-2022), a pan-European network of ~300 excellent young scholars for scientific exchange, science advice and policy. She is also a Reader in Neuroscience & Mental Health at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King’s College London (UK). Gemma completed a BSc in Psychology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and an MSc in Applied Neurosciences at the University of Barcelona (Spain). She then moved to The Netherlands to complete a PhD in Neuroscience (Cum Laude) at the University of Groningen. In 2010, she joined the IoPPN as a post-doc, where she subsequently started her own lab in 2017. The Modinos lab combines multi-scale, cross-species approaches to investigate the role that the neural mechanisms involved in emotional behaviour may play in the development of psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, and whether targeting these mechanisms can help design new therapeutic strategies.

Dr. Katalin Solymosi 

AFFILIATION:
ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
Young Academy of Europe (recruitment vice-chair)
Hungarian Young Academy (co-chair)
Academia Europaea Budapest Knowledge Hub (co-chair of the Danube Region thematic mission)

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LINK TO WEBPAGE: http://katalinsolymosi.elte.hu/index.php/en/

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Diversity and inclusion in EU13 countries

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Katalin Solymosi is assistant professor at the Department of Plant Anatomy, Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Budapest, Hungary. She has been teaching at ELTE since 2001, at Semmelweis University (Budapest) between 2005-2020, and as invited lecturer at the University of Burgundy, Dijon, France (1 month each year between 2006-2010) at all levels of education (BSc, MSc and PhD), in Hungarian, English and French. She received her Ph.D. in Experimental Plant Biology in 2005 from ELTE. Her research interests include medicinally important metabolites produced by plastids, natural food colourings, and the effect of different stressors on plastid differentiation, structure and function. She has co-authored 56 peer-reviewed scientific papers, 6 book chapters and 1 university textbook. She is member of the editorial board of Botany Letters and Frontiers in Plant Science. Her work was awarded among others by the L’ORÉAL-UNESCO Women in Science Scholarship, by the Hungarian Biophysical Society and the Hungarian Electron Microscopy Society. She is devoted to science outreach (on social media, in journals, blogs, interviews, programs related to Researchers’ Night, Fascination of Plants Day), and to Arts & Science type of events (e.g. expositions of her award-winning microscopic images). She is married and spent 6 years on maternity leave with her two kids. She is founding member, previous board member (2019-2021) and actual co-chair (2021-2023) of the Hungarian Young Academy, and recruitment vice-chair of the Young Academy of Europe. She is also involved in the activities of the Academia Europaea Budapest Knowledge Hub as co-chair of the Danube Region Thematic Mission.

Dr. Gergely Toldi

AFFILIATION:
University of Auckland, Ne Zeland. Hungarian Young Academy, and Academia Europaea Budapest Knowledge Hub

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​LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://profiles.auckland.ac.nz/gergely-toldi

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Early career academic clinicians at the intersection of medicine, research and policy – lessons learned from the COVID pandemic

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The COVID pandemic enforced unprecedented pressure upon the academic medical workforce globally. Healthcare professionals and researchers did not only have to manage patient care and scientific discovery but were also faced with challenges in aiding policy and reaching out to the public. While in some aspects this has been a time of opportunity to academic clinicians, it has also exposed the vulnerabilities of this career path, particularly for ECRs working in the field. In this talk, we will briefly discuss the lessons learned and potential long-term implications from the angles of the four domains of the Andre Mischke Prize (science policy, evidence-based policy, science communication and advancing the careers of ECRs).

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Gergely Toldi is a senior lecturer in neonatology at the Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, with a clinical appointment at Newborn Services of Starship Children’s Hospital. His research primarily focuses on early life development of the immune response and understanding the immunological background of complications affecting preterm and term neonates as well as pregnant women. He also has significant results on the pathomechanism of various autoimmune disorders. He contributed to developing novel flow cytometry based diagnostic and experimental methods. He has been engaged with the young academy movement for seven years.

Professor Dr. Moniek Tromp

AFFILIATION:
University of Groningen, Netherlands – Vice-Chair Young Academy Europe

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​​LINK TO WEBPAGE: https://www.rug.nl/staff/moniek.tromp/  |  https://yacadeuro.org/tromp/

TITLE OF PRESENTATION: Next generation science policy

ABSTRACT OF PRESENTATION:
The academic culture seems to changing, from for example the university level career assessment (i.e. recognition and rewarding), to open science and science-for-policy and policy-for-science. More efforts are and need to be undertaken to become more diverse and inclusive and as such provide better policy advice. Special efforts are required to include and engage early and mid career researchers into science-policy, which I will elaborate on.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE:
Moniek Tromp is Chair of Materials Chemistry at the Zernike Institute at the University of Groningen. She is board member of the Dutch Research Council, the National Network for Female Professors, the European Synchrotron and FEL User Organisation and chair of the Dutch Catalysis Society.
She is vice-chair of the Young Academy Europe, board member of the Young Academies Science Advice Structure and executive board member of the Initiative for Science Europe.

Her research focusses on the development and application of operando spectroscopy techniques in catalysis and materials research, incl. fuel cells, batteries, photochemistry, as well as arts, with a focus on X-ray spectroscopy techniques. She has been awarded prestigious fellowships like the EPSRC Advanced Research Fellowship, NWO VIDI and the NWO Athena prize. She is active in numerous science advisory and review panels of large research facilities and universities internationally, and part of a European Science Strategy team for large facilities.